Construction of factories needs to ensure the required legal regulations. The most important of which are the following 5 regulations on factory construction. Follow up now to complete the factory project quickly and smoothly.
1. Regulations on land for building factories
According to the provisions of the Land Law 2013, industrial factories are built on non-agricultural production bases. Including land for industrial zones, land for production and business establishments, land for production of building materials, mining of minerals and production of other non-agricultural services.
For residential land, enterprises are completely allowed to build industrial factories. This is one of the support policies of the State to help businesses have many opportunities to develop, expand production, and contribute to the construction of the country.
See more: Building factories on residential land
For agricultural land, building a factory is not possible. Because according to regulations, agricultural land is only allowed to be used for purposes such as cultivation, agricultural cultivation, production, and animal husbandry. If building factories in areas that are agricultural land, it will be considered as using land for wrong purposes and breaking the law.
However, if the enterprise still wants to build, it is required to convert the land use purpose fully according to the regulations of the State.
See more: Building factories on agricultural land
Procedures for applying for land use right conversion include:
- Application for change of land use purpose
- Certificates of land use rights
- Identity papers of land users
The process of applying for a license to change land use rights:
- Step 1: Bring all the documents and procedures prepared above to the Department of Natural Resources and Environment where the land is located to submit the application.
- Step 2: The competent authority receives and appraises the application and returns the results to the enterprise.
2. Regulations on procedures for applying for a factory building permit
When the land is an area where the factory is allowed to be built, the enterprise can carry out the construction. However, before carrying out the construction of factories, enterprises need to apply for permits. This is a mandatory requirement and is clearly stated in the Law on Construction 2014 – Article 89.
“Before starting work construction, the investor must obtain a construction permit issued by a competent state agency in accordance with this Law, except for the case specified in Clause 2 of this Article.”
And when the construction permit has been granted by the authorities, the construction of the factory is considered legal. To apply for a construction permit, businesses need to follow the order and complete procedures. The preparation of thoughtful and complete procedures as well as a thorough understanding of the implementation process will help the construction permit application process be quick and efficient. From there, helping businesses speed up the construction of factories.
3. Regulations on factory construction density
Construction density is one of the important regulations and needs to be paid attention and understood right from the time of drawing up the design. This is to ensure the efficiency, legal elements of the building and the general landscape for the area around the factory.
Factory construction density is the ratio of land that the factory building occupies to the total area of the entire land lot. Each land area will have its own construction density and is regulated in accordance with national technical regulations on construction planning – QCVN 01:2019/BXD. The construction density will depend on the height of the building and the area of the land lot.
The lookup table on the density allowed to build factory buildings
|Building height above ground (m)||Building density (%) with area ≤ 5000 m2||Building density (%) with area 10.000 m2||Building density (%) with area ≥ 20.000m2|
Learn more at: Regulations on factory building density
4. Design regulations for industrial factories
Factory design regulations are legal regulations on technical specifications, sizes, and construction specifications for each item in a factory that businesses and contractors need to comply with. This is a factor that helps evaluate the overall quality of the factory project after completion.
With factory projects that comply with design regulations, the construction process will be convenient and on schedule. At the same time, when the factory comes into operation, it will help the factory operation process to be efficient and safe for employees while working.
The specific factory design regulations are as follows:
- Regulations on design of factory floor: For the workshop foundation items, it is necessary to comply with the provisions of TCVN 2737 – 1995 of the Ministry of Construction. In which, the elevation of the top surface of the foundation must be lower than the ground level with a difference of 2.0m with steel columns; 0.5m with columns with wall inserts; 0.15m with reinforced concrete columns.
- Regulations on design of roofs, factory roof doors: Based on the roofing materials, there will be different regulations on the slope of the roof. With asbestos-cement roofing sheets, a slope of 30% – 40% is allowed. The slope of the corrugated iron sheet is 15% – 20%. Roof tiles have a slope of 50% – 60%. The slope of the reinforced concrete roof sheet is from 5% – 8%.
- Design regulations for surrounding walls: Depending on the materials of walls and partitions, there are different specific regulations. If the wall is made of lightweight materials, the base of the wall needs to be built with solid materials such as reinforced concrete, brick,… The base of the wall also needs to comply with its own specifications depending on the scale and characteristics. factory.
- Design regulations for windows and doors: Door systems play an important role to ensure ventilation and take advantage of natural light. To optimize this purpose, windows should be designed with a height of 2.4m or less from the floor and ensure good opening and closing. With all door systems, it is necessary to install into a fixed frame firmly to resist wind and storms.
5. Construction regulations in industrial zones
The application for a construction permit in an industrial park on the land owned by the enterprise is a mandatory procedure. This regulation is intended to help state agencies manage construction according to planning and ensure the natural landscape and environment. Therefore, when building a factory in an industrial park, a permit is required. This is the legal document proving the legitimacy of the construction work and limiting future disputes.
The process of applying for a license should be complete and step-by-step. Specifically:
- Step 1: Prepare all required documents.
- Step 2: Submit the dossier at the receiving and returning results section of the People’s Committee of the commune or ward.
- Step 3: The City’s Urban Management Division receives the dossier and conducts verification, and submits it to the City People’s Committee for licensing.
- Step 4: Organizations and individuals receive permits at the Department of receiving and returning results of the City People’s Committee. Time to appraise and receive permits is from 10 to 15 working days.
The set of documents that businesses need to prepare to apply to build a factory in an industrial park is also quite complicated and contains many types of documents. For details see: Dossier to build a factory in an industrial park
However, if customers choose reputable and experienced factory building units, they will be supported in applying for a license. At the same time, the unit is always enthusiastic to advise and answer all questions about factory construction regulations. In order for businesses to complete the procedures quickly and effectively, ensure the compliance with the law.
One of the leading prestigious factory building units today is SUMITECH Industrial Joint Stock Company. With 13 years of construction and development, SUMITECH always meets all requirements of customers and ensures compliance with all regulations on factory construction. Moreover, thanks to owning a team of skilled, experienced and highly qualified technicians, SUMITECH is proud to bring effective solutions for design and construction of factories and optimal operation.
To answer all questions and consult specific regulations on factory construction, customers please contact SUMITECH for dedicated advice.
- Hotline: 0989.060.987
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Fanpage: https://www.facebook.com/sumitech.industrial.jsc
- Address: Room 1702, N01A building, K35 apartment building, Tan Mai street, Hoang Mai district, Hanoi.